Oliver Giertz, Product Manager EMEA for Servo/Motion and Robotics at Mitsubishi Electric Europe B.V, looks at some of the key benefits of artificial intelligence in robots.
Robot technologies, themselves, continue to evolve, and one of the most promising developments is the application of artificial intelligence (AI). We are already seeing a number of AI functions impacting on robotics. For example, in 3D vision sensing; adjustment time is significantly reduced by AI. Force detection precision is also improved by integrating AI technology with the force sensor.
Perhaps one of the most significant trends in AI with regard to robotics is the implementation of enhanced predictive maintenance technologies. A recent Frost & Sullivan report estimated that the cost of unplanned downtime within industrial manufacturing amounted to €45bn, of which 42% was primarily caused by factory equipment failures. There is more than just the cost of lost production itself to be considered. In addition unplanned outages force a reactionary and costly approach to maintenance, repair and equipment replacement in an effort to get the line up and running as quickly as possible.
This can be addressed by predictive maintenance, which provides the user with an early warning of failing or deteriorating parts. Having this information gives service teams the opportunity to perform any maintenance well in advance of any actual failure, reducing unplanned downtime and shortening planned downtime. This is just as relevant to robots as it is to other aspects of the production line: periodic maintenance is required on the robot’s various servo joints to ensure long-term reliable operation.
These predictive maintenance technologies can be enhanced significantly by AI, where machine learning algorithms drive even greater insights into the machine’s operation, not simply comparing current performance with a pre-established baseline, but going further to make decisions on real-time data and past trends.
A good example of AI-based predictive maintenance in practice is Mitsubishi Electric’s MELFA Smart Plus functionn delivered within its latest robot series. This integrated technology precisely monitors the time each of the main robot components is in motion and derives maintenance schedules according to actual operating conditions. It also offers simulation capabilities to predict the robot lifetime during the design phase of the application and to estimate the annual maintenance costs. This gives engineers the opportunity to modify the robot’s operation to extend the lifecycle.
Mitsubishi Electric’s MELFA RV-8CRL is the latest industrial robot to benefit from the Smart Plus technology. The cost-effective, but quality performance robot has been built from the outset to minimise maintenance requirements. It incorporates features such as a beltless coaxial drive mechanism for reduced wear. It also uses the latest servomotors from Mitsubishi Electric which eliminates the need for batteries to back-up the robot’s internal encoder. Combining these advanced design features with AI-based predictive maintenance can significantly increase availability by reducing both scheduled and unscheduled downtime.
There is still much more to come from AI-based predictive maintenance, and from the wider application of artificial intelligence to robots. It is a core technology for Mitsubishi Electric, with its process optimisation capabilities offering huge potential to improve productivity and availability on robotic systems, as well as the wider manufacturing environment.
Recognising the strategic importance of the technology, Mitsubishi Electric is developing artificial intelligence systems under a distinct brand, “Maisart” (Mitsubishi Electric’s AI creates the state-of-the-art in technology), with the goal of enabling companies to derive the maximum gains from AI.
Image 1: AI-based monitoring of the robot’s main components can give engineers the information they need to modify the robot’s operation to extend the lifecycle, as well as enabling predictive maintenance to reduce both planned and unplanned downtime.
Image 2: Oliver Giertz, Product Manager EMEA for Servo/Motion and Robotics at Mitsubishi Electric Europe B.V. [Source: Mitsubishi Electric Europe B.V.]
With more than 100 years of experience in providing reliable, high-quality products, Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (TOKYO: 6503) is a recognized world leader in the manufacture, marketing and sales of electrical and electronic equipment used in information processing and communications, space development and satellite communications, consumer electronics, industrial technology, energy, transportation and building equipment. Mitsubishi Electric enriches society with technology in the spirit of its “Changes for the Better.” The company recorded a revenue of 4,476.7 billion yen (U.S.$ 36.7 billion*) in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022.
Mitsubishi Electric Europe, Industrial Automation – UK Branch is located in Hatfield, United Kingdom. It is a part of the European Factory Automation Business Group based in Ratingen, Germany which in turn is part of Mitsubishi Electric Europe B.V., a wholly owned subsidiary of Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Japan.
The role of Industrial Automation – UK Branch is to manage sales, service and support across its network of local branches and distributors throughout the United Kingdom.
*U.S. dollar amounts are translated from yen at the rate of ¥221=U.S.$1, the approximate rate on the Tokyo Foreign Exchange Market on March 31, 2022.
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